Thyroid Disease: Types, Symptoms and Treatments

The thyroid gland has a role to play in most of the metabolic processes taking part in the body thanks to its production of hormones. There are a number of types of thyroid diseases which include cancer that often results in death and enlargement of the thyroid known as goiter that is not life-threatening and does not even require treatment. Abnormal production of thyroid hormones is among the most common thyroid problems.

Even though thyroid issues can prove to be uncomfortable and hard to deal with, the majority of them can be controlled through treatment.

Common Thyroid Diseases: Symptoms and Treatments

Thyroid is an endocrine gland that is shaped as a butterfly and is located in the throat under the collarbone. The hormones produced by this gland control the chemical reactions taking place in the body like the metabolism changes. Below are the main thyroid problems that'll be explained in detail later in this article:

1. Hyperthyroidism

Hyperthyroidism is a condition in which the thyroid becomes over active and starts producing more hormones than the body’s need. This condition affects women more than men and is found mostly in people over the age of 60 years and those that are suffering from other thyroid issues. Grave’s diseases, excess use of iodine and Thyroiditis are among some of the common causes of hyperthyroidism.

2. Hypothyroidism

Hypothyroidism is a condition in which the thyroid does not produce enough hormones than the body’s requirements. Women are more affected by this thyroid problem than men and those who suffer from other thyroid issues have a high chance of developing it.

3. Thyroid Cancer

Thyroid cancer is a life-threatening thyroid disease. It has many types which are all very dangerous. People who are most at risk of developing thyroid cancer include women, people who fall in the 25 to 65 age group, Asians, those having a family history of thyroid issues, and those who have undergone radiation therapy for neck and head.

4. Goiter

Goiter is simply an enlargement of the thyroid gland. It causes abnormal production of Thyroxine and T-3 hormones in the body.

5. Thyroid Nodules

Thyroid nodules are solid or fluid-filled lumps that appear on the thyroid gland. Most of these nodules are not that serious and do not cause any symptoms. However, some of them can cause thyroid cancer.

6. Thyroiditis

Thyroiditis is another type of thyroid disease which is characterized by inflammation of the thyroid gland. There are no obvious symptoms of this thyroid problem. All of its symptoms are consistent with many other thyroid issues.

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