Before getting to know biotin side effects, let's first get to know this medication better. Biotin may be known as vitamin B7 or vitamin H. This water-soluble B-complex helps specific enzymes throughout the body function more efficiently. You can get biotin from a variety of food sources such as cucumber, oats, dried fruit, eggs, cabbage, goat or cow's milk, cauliflower, royal jelly, raspberries, brewer's yeast or strawberries. You have a recommended dietary allowance that is very low for biotin.
Children should not get more than 5-12 units of biotin a day and adults should not get more than 20-30 units. It is rare that people suffer from a biotin deficiency, but it is possible. Those that are suffering from a biotin deficiency can take supplements to make up this difference. However, knowing the necessity and potential side effects of biotin can help you better determine if you need to take a supplement at all.
After knowing the biotin side effects, now let's get to its benefits. Biotin is one of the most vital nutrients in the B-vitamin complex, helping you promote growth and overall health. This nutrient carries carbon dioxide in the tricarboxylic acid cycle or TCA cycle. This helps your body convert protein, fat and carbohydrates into glucose energy to promote a better functioning metabolism. Biotin also helps you maintain the look and health of your hair and nails, preventing them from becoming brittle and dull. Diabetics find that biotin can help them manage their symptoms, as do those that suffer from depression or high cholesterol. Biotin can help you metabolize carbohydrates more effectively, helping you to manage your blood sugar levels.
Some medical treatments may require you to take high doses of biotin. Treatment of Candidia albicans requires people to take as much as 500mg of biotin each day to help manage this type of yeast infections. Some professionals also use high doses of biotin to treat diabetes patients since the vitamin can help you increase your natural sensitivity to insulin while increasing the enzymes that help you process sugar.
There is not currently a recommended daily allowance for biotin to avoid biotin side effects all together since it is very rare that some even suffer from a deficiency of the vitamin. In general, it is recommended that children take 10-20mcg of biotin when they are 3 and younger. Those between 4 and 6 may take 25mcg per day, those between the ages of 7-10 can take 30mcg each day and those older than 10 can ingest 30-100mcg of biotin daily. There are 1000mcg for every milligram, so taking 5000mg is an extremely high dose of biotin. These types of treatments should not be attempted without direct supervision from a physician to avoid potential side effects.