Elevated Uric Acid Symptoms and Treatment

Hyperuricemia, which is commonly known as high uric acid levels, refers to the condition of an excessive amount of uric acid in the blood stream. The clinical ranges for the diagnosis of hyperuricemia are defined as greater than 7mg/dL and 6mg/dL of serum uric acid in men and women, respectively. A high level of uric acid is a common diagnosis, more so in men than in women, and in individuals over 65 years old. However, do you know high uric acid symptoms to help you take note of it? Keep reading to learn more about it. 

Causes of High Uric Acid

The accumulation of uric acid in the blood is linked to either failure to excrete uric acid in urine or increased production of uric acid. Some common causes of high uric acid levels include medical conditions, medications, genetic predisposition, and dietary factors.

High Uric Acid Symptoms

Increased uric acid levels may go undiagnosed because some people may be asymptomatic. However, some people with high uric acid levels may experience symptoms due to the effects of the excessive uric acid on their bodies. For example, hyperuricemia can lead to gout (inflammation of the joints) and kidney ailments such as kidney stones and kidney failure. These medical conditions are explored in detail below.

Treatments for High Uric Acid

If you are diagnosed with hyperuricemia, your doctor will likely advise dietary changes and/or prescribe medications that either treat the underlying disease that may be contributing to the high uric acid levels or that directly regulate the body's metabolism.

High uric acid levels usually occurs secondary to some other conditions. If an underlying condition is responsible for the high uric acid levels, then remedying that condition is the best treatment strategy. In the event that the underlying condition is untreatable and there is chronic elevation of the uric acid levels, the best treatment option is to target the metabolism of purine.

Notes: Typically, hyperuricemia is uncovered during testing to diagnose some other condition. If high uric acid levels are detected, your doctor may suggest additional tests to better understand your condition and clarify your diagnosis. A better understanding of the underlying conditions that may be contributing to your elevated uric acid levels will help your doctor devise the best treatment regimen. It is important to remember that even if you believe that your current medications may be contributing to your high uric acid levels, you should not stop taking them without consulting your doctor.

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