ParaGard Uses and Precautions

Paragard is frequently used for long term contraception, but this does not mean the device will be useful for everyone. All forms of birth control have risks and considerations that will need to be addressed before use. Your health care provider can help you determine if Paragard will provide the results you desire and teach you how to minimize these concerns.

What is Paragard?

Paragard is an IUD or intrauterine device which is used for long term birth control. The T-shaped device is made of plastic wrapped around copper wiring that will allow it to sit in the uterus. The inflammatory reaction the device causes is toxic for sperm and also prevents the egg from implanting in the uterus.

What are Benefits of Paragard?

Is Paragard Proper for Me?

Some conditions may limit your ability to use Paragard.

What are Risks of Paragard?

Like all forms of birth control, you will need to be conscious of potential side effects before you begin to use Paragard.

How to Prepare Before Insertion of Paragard

What are the Procedures of Insertion of Paragard?

You must visit a health care professional to have Paragard inserted. Your doctor will insert a speculum into the vagina to clean the cervix and surrounding area with an antiseptic. Then the uterine cavity and cervical canal will be aligned with a device and the depth of this space will be measured. This will allow them to determine where the device will need to be inserted.

When it comes time insert the Paragard device, the doctor will fold down the horizontal arms and place the IUD in the applicator tube, which is then inserted in the vagina. This will be used to gently slide the device into the proper position in your uterus. After the device has been placed the strings will be trimmed to avoid them protruding past a safe point in the vagina and the applicator will be removed.

When to Remove Paragard

You can have Paragard removed at any time. If you decide to have the device removed, visit your health care provider. They will use a pair of forceps to grab the protruding strings and gently pull the device out of place. It is common to experience spotting and cramping after the device is removed.

If the device has become embedded in your uterine wall, you may need additional medical attention to remove the device safely. This may include the application of anesthesia, cervical dilation or a hysteroscopy depending on the location of the device and the severity of the situation.

If you are showing signs of being pregnant, you notice a vaginal discharge with a foul odor, you have severe abdominal pain, heavy vaginal bleeding or an unexplained fever something may be wrong with your Paragard device. If these side effects occur or you have bleeding after sex, pain during sex, breakthrough bleeding, the strings of the device are noticeably longer or shorter, or you can feel a part of the device in your cervix or vagina you should contact your health care provider immediately to determine if the device needs to be reinserted or removed.

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