The infection of lungs that is caused by bacterial pathogens is usually referred to as bacterial pneumonia. Individuals who suffer from this condition usually complain of significant discomfort in the throat, fever, persistent cough and pain in the chest, copious mucus production and shortness of breath.
It is imperative to mention that some patients may not experience all the symptoms of bacterial pneumonia listed above; which is why clinical signs and radiological investigation is very important. Bacterial pneumonia in children and old age people can lead to even more dangerous consequences, and can cause major health issues as a result of weaken immune system.
The most common type of pneumonia is community-acquired pneumonia which is usually acquired from the community settings or outside of health care venues like hospitals and dispensaries.
The bacterial pneumonia is usually caused by Streptococcus pneumoniae in U.S, and is mostly reported after you had a trivial but poorly managed flu or cold infection. Bacterial pneumonia mostly affects the lower lobe of the lungs. Other major bacteria that cause bacterial pneumonia include Haemophilus influenzae, Mycoplasma pneumonia (primary causative agent of walking pneumonia that is very common in the adults under the age of 40 years), Chlamydia pneumonia and Legionella pneumoniae.
There is another variant of bacterial pneumonia that is referred to as hospital-acquired pneumonia that usually affects the people who are admitted in the hospital for the management of another health issue. The cause of this infection is usually impaired immunity and low host-defenses. It is important to mention that such bacterial pneumonias are more serious because of low immunity and high risk of bacterial resistance to antibiotics. Even the patients who get medical care in hospitals are at risk because the oxygen and ventilators there have direct contact with contaminated machines used by other patients.
The contagious nature of bacterial pneumonia is variable depending on the type of bacteria that cause this condition. Most bacterial pneumonias are not highly contagious but some exceptions exist such as walking pneumonia by Mycoplasma pneumoniae and tuberculosis. They can be easily spread among individuals through breathing or coughing and sneezing.
Bacterial pneumonia does not have clear-cut symptoms. However, old people are more vulnerable to it, especially those over 65-year old. The bacterial pneumonia usually starts with normal respiratory tract infections in upper part of lungs, along with flu and fever.
Symptoms that usually occur before the onset of bacterial pneumonia includes:
The symptoms of bacterial pneumonia are more noticeable in young children. Older adults usually present with mild or no fever, or coughing with less or no mucus. The symptoms of bacterial pneumonia are different for children of different age groups.
So, the suggestion here is to always consult your doctor and confirm the disease before following any remedies by yourself.
It is highly recommended to see a doctor if you are experiencing signs of severe infection such as difficulty in breathing, pain in the chest, fever more than 102°F and continuous coughing.
People with bacterial pneumonia and one of the following conditions should see a doctor as soon as possible to avoid severe consequences:
Medications are the first agents that people use to treat bacterial pneumonias, which may include:
Hospitalization is highly advised in these situations:
3. Intensive care is required if: