Uveitis: Types, Symptoms & Treatments

The uveitis is a condition which causes the iris, ciliary body or choroid to become inflamed. Dozens of different conditions are believed to have an impact on the development of uveitis, but in most cases the cause of the inflammation is unknown. Viral infections, bacterial infections, trauma to the eye or an immunological or infectious systemic disorder may contribute to the presence of uveitis. Some also believe that smoking may increase your chances of developing uveitis.

Types of Uvitis

Uveitis can be caused by an injury to the eye, toxic exposure or an inflammatory disease. The type of uveitis a patient has is classified by the area of the eye which is inflamed.

Many types of uveitis are chronic and can lead to additional complications such as elevated eye pressure, cataracts, clouding of the cornea, glaucoma, retinal detachment or swelling of the retina. The most common form of uveitis is anterior uveitis which is responsible for 8 out of every 15 cases. Most people suffering from uveitis develop the condition between 20-50. It is estimated that 280,000 people develop uveitis in the United States each year. Uveitis may be responsible for up to 10 percent of the 30,000 cases of blindness reported each year. Men and women are equally affected by uveitis.

Symptoms of Uveitis

Anterior uveitis, the most common form of uveitis to affect patients, will often cause eye pain, sensitivity to light, red eyes and decreased visual acuity. Posterior and intermediate uveitis do not typically cause the patient pain but they can cause an increase in floaters and blurred vision in both eyes. Intermediate uveitis is more common in teenagers and those in their 20s or 30s. Diffuse uveitis will have a combination of symptoms from other types of uveitis.

Treatments for Uveitis

Uveitis will require medical attention from a doctor. There may be an underlying condition contributing to your uveitis that will need to be addressed in order to relieve your symptoms.

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